Samo, Southern


A language of Burkina Faso

Alternate Names
San, Sane

85,000 (1998).


Nayala Province, Nouna and Solenzo areas; Ouaga, Bobo, Dedougou, and Koudougou cities. Toma dialect: Toma, Yaba, Gossina, Ye, Kougny, and Gassan departments.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).


Toma (Makaa, Nyaana). Intelligibility low across Samo varieties.

Language Use

Home, religion, commerce. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use Mòoré [mos]. Users of Toma dialect also use French [fra]; others, mainly youth, also use Jula [dyu].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: Higher among Toma. Motivation to read French and Toma Samo is high. A literacy center in Toma teaches Toma. Grammar. NT: 1995.
Latin script.
Other Comments

The Rimaïbé are Samo who were former Fula slaves, now speak Fulfulde [fuh] as L2, and live in Kawara, Kassan, Zoumou, and Teri in the Tougan area. Traditional religion, Muslim, Christian.