Sangu

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A language of Tanzania

Alternate Names
Eshisango, Kisangu, Lori, Rori, Sangi, Sango, Shisango
Population

75,000 (1987), decreasing.

Location

Mbeya Region, Mbarale district, Usangu plains.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened).

Dialects

Central Sangu, Eastern Sangu (Mahango), Northern Sangu, South-Central Sangu (Kapunga), Western Sangu (Kilambo).

Typology

SVO; Prepositions; Noun Head Initial; Noun classes; Verbal affixation for subject, object, tense, aspect, mood, and derivation; 29 consonant phonemes; 10 vowel phonemes; tonal

Language Use

Vigorous. All ages. Positive attitudes. Most use some Swahili [swh].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 0%. Literacy rate in L2: Lower than average (Swahili). SIL has transition literacy work (Swahili to Sangu). Bible portions: 2010–2011.
Writing
Latin script.
Other Comments

Different from Sango [sag] of Central African Republic, from Sanga [sng] of Democratic Republic of the Congo, and from Sangu [snq] of Gabon. Muslim, traditional religion.