Sadri

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A language of India

Alternate Names
Chota Nagpuri, Dikku Kaji, Ganwari, Gauuari, Gawari, Goari, Jharkhandhi, Nagpuri, Nagpuria, Sadan, Sadana, Sadani, Sadari, Sadati, Sadhan, Sadhari, Sadna, Sadrik, Santri, Siddri, Sradri
Population

3,290,000 in India (2001 census). 2,050,000 Sadani, 1,243,000 Nagpuria. Population total all countries: 3,290,490.

Location

Jharkhand, Ranchi and Palamau districts; West Bengal; Odisha; Assam; Madhya Pradesh; Andaman Islands; Nagaland. Also in Nepal (Kisan).

Language Status

3 (Wider communication).

Dialects

77% of Sadri [sdr], Oraon of Bangladesh. Speakers name 3 registers of Sadri: Sadani (finer, respectful, formal), Common Sadri (Nagpuri), and Lower Sadri (rough). Lexical similarity: 77%–96% between dialects, 58%–71% with Hindi [hin], 47%–54% with Oriya [ory], 45%–61% with Bengali [ben].

Language Use

7,000,000 tribals in Assam speak Sadri as language of wider communication. Positive attitudes. Also use Hindi [hin], Oriya [ory], or Bengali [ben]; Hindi used in the market, with leaders, for prayer and worship, but proficiency is low.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 15%–25%. Magazines. Radio programs. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 1931–1986.
Writing
Bengali script. Devanagari script.
Other Comments

Trade language among tribal groups in Assam. Hindu, traditional religion, Christian, Muslim.

Also spoken in:

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