Shina

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A language of Pakistan

Alternate Names
Brokpa, Shinaki, Sina
Population

528,000 in Pakistan (2004 J. Leclerc), increasing. Total users in all countries: 562,400.

Location

Northern Areas Province, Gilgit, Diamer, and Baltistan districts, scattered villages in Yasin and Ishkoman valleys, Punial, Gilgit, Haramosh, lower Hunza Valley, Chilas area, Darel and Tangir valleys, Astor Valley, Satpara, Kharmang, Kachura, and other small valleys; North-West Frontier Province, east Kohistan district, Sazin, Harban; Azad Kashmir Province, east Neelum district.

Language Status

6a (Vigorous).

Dialects

Gilgiti (Bagrote, Bunji, Gilgit, Haramosh, Hunza-Nagar, Punial, Rondu), Astori (Astor, Dras, Gurezi, Kharmangi, Satpara), Chilasi Kohistani (Chilas, Darel, Harban, Sazin, Tangir). Gilgit functions as the language standard. Shina is the primary language in Gilgit and Diamer districts. Lexical similarity: 79%–99% within Gilgiti (Northern) dialect subgroup, 81%–96% with Astori (Eastern) subgroup, 84%–98% with Chilas (Diamer) subgroup.

Language Use

Vigorous. All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use Urdu [urd]. Used as L2 by Balti [bft], Domaaki [dmk], Khowar [khw].

Language Development
Bible portions: 1929.
Writing

Arabic script, Naskh variant [Arab], Naskh style. Arabic script, Nastaliq variant [Aran], primary usage.

Other Comments

Muslim.

Also spoken in:

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