10,200 (2011 census). Very few monolinguals.
Bagmati Zone, northern Nuwakot and northwestern Sindhupalchok districts.
6a (Vigorous). Language of recognized indigenous nationality: Hyolmo.
Eastern Helambu Sherpa, Lamjung Yohlmo, LangDang Yohlmo, Western Helambu Sherpa. Melamchi river divides dialects. Understand other dialects even for abstract and complex subjects, including possibly Tarke Ghyang, Kahng-Kharka, Pahndang, but not Kagate [syw]. Lexical similarity: 66% with Dolpo [dre] and Walungge [ola]; 65% with Lhasa Tibetan [bod], Jirel [jul], and Kyerung (Kyirong) [kgy]; 63% with Loke [loy] and Sherpa [xsr]; 61% with Nubri [kte]; 60% with Lhomi [lhm].
SOV; postpositions; head noun initial; genitives, relatives before noun heads; articles, adjectives, numerals mostly after noun heads; no noun classes or genders; content q-word is usually the second word in the clause; maximum number of prefixes 1; maximum number of suffixes 4; clause constituents indicated primarily by case-marking, but word order distinguishes subject, object, indirect object some, but normally marked by postpositions; case of noun phrase indicated by postposition; split ergativity; rich system of tense and aspect; no passives or voice; causatives; comparatives; CV, CVC, CVV, CCV, CCVV, CVVC; tonal (4 tones); 36 consonant and 10 vowel phonemes.
Home; mixed use: Friends, religion, work. Older adults and elderly. Some use among children, adolescents, and young adults. Helambu Sherpa more prestigious and has more original culture preserved than Kagate [syw]. Shermathang-Chhimi area and east is prestigious. Many lamas live there. Not much contact with Kagate. Also use Nepali [npi], viewed as useful. Also use Central Tibetan [bod], Hindi [hin].
Devanagari script [Deva].
They go to northern India as laborers or resettle in Kathmandu or in India. Buddhist (Lamaist), Christian, traditional religion.