Sena

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A language of Mozambique

Alternate Names
Chisena, Cisena
Population

1,340,000 (2006). 86,000 Podzo in Mozambique (Johnstone 1993).

Location

Northwest, Sofala, Manica, Tete, and Zambezia provinces, lower Zambezi river region.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).

Dialects

Bangwe (South Sena), Caia (Care, North Sena, Sare), Gombe, Gorongosa, Podzo (Chipodzo, Cipodzo, Phodzo, Puthsu, Shiputhsu), Rue (Chirue), Sangwe. Reportedly similar to Nyungwe [nyu], Nyanja [nya], Phimbi [phm], and Kunda [kdn] of Zambia. Sena Central is the prestige dialect. Lexical similarity: 92% between the Podzo and Sena-Sare dialects.

Language Use

Nyanja [nya] is also used in Tâte. Limited comprehension of Ndau [ndc] in Beira region. Ndau is church language in Beira; used in communicating with Ndau speakers. Portuguese [por] is used with other non-Sena speakers. Shona [sna] is also used in Tâte.

Language Development
Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 1983.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Traditional religion, Christian.