Sena

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A language of Mozambique

Alternate Names
Chisena, Cisena
Population

1,340,000 (2006). 86,000 Podzo in Mozambique (Johnstone 1993).

Location

Northwest, Sofala, Manica, Tete, and Zambezia provinces, lower Zambezi river region.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).

Dialects

Bangwe (South Sena), Caia (Care, North Sena, Sare), Gombe, Gorongosa, Podzo (Chipodzo, Cipodzo, Phodzo, Puthsu, Shiputhsu), Rue (Chirue), Sangwe. Similar to Nyungwe [nyu], Nyanja [nya], Phimbi [phm], and Kunda [kdn] of Zambia. Sena Central is the prestige dialect. Lexical similarity: 92% between the Podzo and Sena-Sare dialects.

Language Use

Limited comprehension of Ndau [ndc] in Beira region. Ndau is church language in Beira; Shona [sna] and Nyanja [nya] are also used in Tâte. Ndau also used with Ndau speakers, Portuguese [por] with other non-Sena speakers.

Language Development
Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 1983.
Writing
Latin script.
Other Comments

Traditional religion, Christian, Muslim.