Selkup

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A language of Russian Federation

Alternate Names
Central Selkups, Chumyl’ Khumyt, Northern Selkups, Ostyak Samoyed, Shöl Khumyt, Shösh Gulla, Syusugulla
Population

1,020 (2010 census). Central Selkup: 200 speakers, Northern Selkup: 1,000 to 1,500 speakers, Southern Selkup: less than 100 speakers (Salminen 2007). Ethnic population: 3,900 (2010 census).

Location

Tomskaya Oblast’, Yamalo-Nenetskiy Avtonomnyy Okrug, Krasnoyarskiy Kray; northern dialect: Krasnoselkup region, Ratta, Krasnoselkupskaya Tolka, and Krasnoselkup villages; Purovsk region, Tolka Purovskaya village; Krasnoyarsk District, Farkovo; Turukhan river basin; Baikha; southern dialect: north Tomskaya Oblast’ area villages.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).

Dialects

Narym (Central Selkup), Srednyaya Ob-Ket (Southern Sel’kup), Taz (Northern Sel’kup, Tazov-Baishyan), Tym (Kety). Dialect continuum with difficult or impossible intelligibility between extremes. Southern speakers separated geographically from others. Northern Selkup literature not usable by Southern and Central.

Language Use

In Ratta and Purovskaya Tolka almost everybody knows Selkup, including children and other ethnicities. Northern dialect spoken by 90% of people, but not mastered by young adults and children. Southern dialect spoken by 30%; 10–15 adults, all over 70, speak fluently. Most children are monolingual Russian [rus] speakers (Salminen 2007). Positive attitudes among Northern Selkups, neutral attitudes among Central and Southern Selkups. Russian [rus] also used for most key domains, except perhaps family.

Language Development
Northern dialect taught in schools through fourth grade. Grammar.
Writing

Cyrillic script [Cyrl].

Other Comments

Formerly lingua franca for Ket, Evenki, Nenets, and Khanty. Traditional religion.