1,000 (Golla 2007). Also 1,000 speakers who are not fluent. Ethnic population: 7,000 (1977 SIL).
Central to northeast Nevada; Idaho, Fort Hall Reservation. Northern Shoshoni dialect: Wind River Reservation, Wyoming; Gosiute dialect: west Utah.
Mostly adults 50 and older but a few children learn the language as L1 in Duck Valley and Gusiute communities. Also use English [eng].