Arabic, Chadian Spoken


A language of Chad

Alternate Names
Arabe Choa, Chad Arabic, Chadian Arabic, Chowa, L’arabe du Tchad, Shua, Shua Arabic, Shuwa Arabic, Suwa

896,100 in Chad (2006), increasing. Population total all countries: 1,139,100.


Salamat, Ouaddaï, and Wadi Fira regions, Batha Region center and west, much of Chari-Baguirmi Region; Mayo-Kebbi; north Tandjilé Region; Guéra Region. Also in Cameroon (Shuwa Arabic), Central African Republic (Shuwa Arabic), Niger (Shuwa Arabic), Nigeria (Shuwa Arabic).

Language Status

3 (Wider communication).


Dialects depend on whether their speakers are sedentary or nomads, rural or urban, and on migration routes. A pidginized variety, commonly called, Bongor Arabic, is spoken as L2 by many in the Mayo-Kebbi and other parts of south Chad.

Language Use

Positive attitudes.

Language Development
Primary school program. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 1967–1991.
Arabic script. Latin script.
Other Comments

Shuwa Arabic is the name used in other countries for the dialect near Lake Chad. Muslim.

Also spoken in:

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