Mapun

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A language of Philippines

Alternate Names
Bajau Kagayan, Cagayan, Cagayan de Sulu, Cagayanen, Cagayano, Cagayanon, Jama Mapun, Kagayan, Orang, Sama Mapun
Population

43,000 in Philippines (2011 SIL). Population total all countries: 58,000. 4,000 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 43,000.

Location

Muslim Mindinao autonomous region, Tawi-Tawi, Cagayan de Sulu (Mapun) island.

Language Status

5 (Developing).

Dialects

None known. Intelligibility of Central Sama [sml] 59%, intelligibility of Sama Pangutaran [sml] 61%.

Typology

VSO; stress is on the penultimate syllable; verbal affixations can mark actor-experiencer, instrument, object-undergoer-patient, beneficiary, location, passive, imperative, abilitative, causative, non-volitional, reciprocal, multiple actors, intransitive, etc; 3 prepositions used primarily to indicate special and temporal relationships.

Language Use

Home, neighborhood, work. All ages. Positive attitudes. 37,000 also use Tausug [tsg]. Also use English [eng]. Used as L2 by Molbog [pwm], Southern Sama [ssb].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 65%–70%. Literacy rate in L2: 30% in English; 60% in Tausug [tsg]. Many older women are illiterate. Used some at school. Poetry. Videos. Dictionary. Bible portions: 1979–1998.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

The center of the ethnic group is on Mapun island (pop. 20,000), also known as Cagayan de Sulu, Cagayan Sulu, and Cagayan de Tawi-Tawi. The Mapun people only refer to it as Mapun. Many people from the island go to Sabah, Malaysia to find work. Many have settled there over the past century. There are approximately 15,000 Mapun people in Malaysia. There are approximately 5,000 to 10,000 Mapun people on the island of Palawan in the Philippines. Muslim.

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