Subanon, Kolibugan


A language of Philippines

Alternate Names
Calibugan, Kalibugan, Kolibugan

20,000 (1998 SIL).


Mindanao, Zamboanga Peninsula, south Zamboanga del Norte and Zamboanga del Sur provinces.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous).


Similar to Western Subanon [suc], but limitations on inherent intelligibility between them. Lexical and grammatical differences.


VSO; prepositions; genitives after noun heads; articles, adjectives, and numerals before noun heads; relatives after noun heads; question word in sentence-initial position; 2 maximum prefixes, 3 maximum suffixes; word order distinguishes given and new information, topic and comment; affixes do not indicate case of noun phrases; verb affixes mark number; ergativity; passives; causatives; comparatives; nontonal

Language Use

All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes. L2 acquired through public school, media, and travel; L2 used in those domains.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 65%. Literacy rate in L2: 65%.
Latin script, used since 2005.
Other Comments

Culture and attitudes separate Kolibugan from Western Subanon [suc]. Muslim, traditional religion.