Subanon, Kolibugan

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A language of Philippines

Alternate Names
Calibugan, Kalibugan, Kolibugan
Population

20,000 (1998 SIL). L2 users: Non-Kolibugan Subanon spouses.

Location

Mindanao, Zamboanga Peninsula, south Zamboanga del Norte and Zamboanga del Sur provinces.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous).

Dialects

None known. Reportedly similar to Western Subanon [suc], but limitations on inherent intelligibility between them. Lexical and grammatical differences.

Typology

VSO; prepositions; genitives after noun heads; articles, adjectives, and numerals before noun heads; relatives after noun heads; question word in sentence-initial position; 2 maximum prefixes, 3 maximum suffixes; word order distinguishes given and new information, topic and comment; affixes do not indicate case of noun phrases; verb affixes mark number; ergativity; passives; causatives; comparatives; nontonal.

Language Use

All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes. L2 acquired through public school, media and travel; L2 used in those domains.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 65%. Literacy rate in L2: 65%.
Writing

Latin script [Latn], used since 2005.

Other Comments

Culture and attitudes separate Kolibugan from Western Subanon [suc]. Muslim, traditional religion.