Saraiki

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A language of Pakistan

Alternate Names
Bahawalpuri, Multani, Riasiti, Seraiki, Siraiki
Population

20,000,000 in Pakistan (2013). Population total all countries: 20,068,000.

Location

South Punjab Province, Jampur area north along Indus river valley, almost to confluence of Jhelum river; from there southeast to India border, continuing southwest into north Sindh; Sindh Province, Ghotki and Kashmore districts; some in North-West Frontier, Dera Ghazi Khan district; Derawali dialect: Dera Ismail Khan, Tank, Bannu; Jangli dialect: Sahiwal area.

Language Status

5 (Developing).

Dialects

Dervi (Derawali), Jhangvi, Mianvali, Multani (Khatki), Riasati, Shahpuri, Sindhi-Saraiki. Dialects blend together into Punjabi east and Sindhi [snd] south. Until recently it was considered a dialect of Panjabi. 80% intelligibility of Dogri [dgo]. Lexical similarity: 85% with Sindhi [snd]; 68% with Dhatki [mki], Od [odk], and Sansi [ssi]. A member of macrolanguage Lahnda [lah].

Language Use

All ages. Also use Urdu [urd]. Used as L2 by Sansi [ssi].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: Below 1%. Literacy rate in L2: 5%–15%. Radio programs. TV. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 1819.
Writing

Arabic script [Arab], primary usage. Devanagari script [Deva], no longer in use. Gurmukhi script [Guru], no longer in use. Khojki script [Khoj].

Other Comments

Muslim, Hindu.

Also spoken in:

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