A language of Pakistan

Alternate Names
Bahawalpuri, Multani, Riasiti, Saraiki, Siraiki, Southern Panjabi

13,900,000 in Pakistan (1998 census). Population total all countries: 13,968,000.


South Punjab and north Sind, Indus river valley, Jampur area. Derawali dialect: Dera Ismail Khan, Tank, Bannu, and Dera Ghazi Khan; Jangli dialect: Sahiwal area.

Language Status

5 (Developing).


Bahawalpuri (Reasati, Riasati), Derawali, Jangli, Jatki, Multani (Khatki). Dialects blend together into Panjabi east and Sindhi [snd] south. Until recently it was considered a dialect of Panjabi. 80% intelligibility of Dogri [dgo]. Lexical similarity: 85% with Sindhi [snd]; 68% with Dhatki [mki], Od [odk], and Sansi [ssi]. A member of macrolanguage Lahnda [lah].

Language Use

Used as L2 by Sansi [ssi].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: Below 1%. Literacy rate in L2: 5%–15%. Radio programs. TV. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 1819.

Arabic script [Arab], primary usage. Devanagari script [Deva], no longer in use. Gurmukhi script [Guru], no longer in use. Khojki script [Khoj].

Other Comments

Muslim, Hindu.

Also spoken in:

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