Saraiki

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A language of Pakistan

Alternate Names
Bahawalpuri, Seraiki, Siraiki
Population

20,000,000 in Pakistan (2013). Total users in all countries: 20,068,000.

Location

Punjab Province: Attock, Bahawalnagar, Bahawalpur, Bhakkar, Chakwal, Chiniot, Dera Ghazi Khan, Faisalabad, Hafizabad, Jhang, Khanewal, Khushab, Layyah, Lodhran, Mandi Bahauddin, Mianwali, Multan, Muzaffargarh, Okara, Pakpattan, Rahim Yar Khan, Rajanpur, Sahiwal, Sargodha, Toba Tek Singh, and Vehari districts; Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa Province: Dera Ismail Khan and Tank districts; Sindh Province: Ghotki, Jacobabad, Kashmore, Khairpur, and Sukkur districts; Balochistan Province: Barkhan, Jaffarabad, Jhal Magsi, Nasirabad, and Sibi districts.

Language Status

5 (Developing).

Dialects

Dervi (Derawali), Multani (Khatki), Sindhi-Saraiki, Shahpuri, Riasati, Mianvali, Jhangvi. Dialects blend together into Punjabi east and Sindhi [snd] south. Until recently it was considered a dialect of Panjabi. 80% intelligibility of Dogri [dgo]. Lexical similarity: 85% with Sindhi [snd]; 68% with Dhatki [mki], Od [odk], and Sansi [ssi]. A member of macrolanguage Lahnda [lah].

Language Use

All ages. Also use Urdu [urd]. Used as L2 by Aer [aeq], Central Pashto [pst], Eastern Balochi [bgp], Khetrani [xhe], Marwari [mve], Northern Hindko [hno], Sansi [ssi], Sindhi [snd], Southern Hindko [hnd], Western Punjabi [pnb].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 5%–15%. Radio programs. TV. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 1819.
Writing

Arabic script, Naskh variant [Arab], Naskh style. Arabic script, Nastaliq variant [Aran], primary usage. Devanagari script [Deva], no longer in use. Gurmukhi script [Guru], no longer in use. Khojki script [Khoj].

Other Comments

Muslim, Hindu.

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