A language of Philippines

Alternate Names
Bino-Bolinao, Binubolinao, Binubulinao, Bolinao Sambal, Bolinao Zambal, Bulinaw, Sambal Bolinao

51,200 (2007 census), decreasing. 1% monolingual. Ethnic population: 104,000.


Luzon, West Pangasinan Province, Bolinao and Anda municipalities.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened).


VSO; verb affixation indicates relationships of constituents and directions; gender not marked. Initial content question word; no obligatory yes-no question marker; rhetorical or emotional question word, verb phrase medially; 14 unique consonants and 4 vowels in the non-borrowed words

Language Use

Shifting to Filipino [fil]. All ages, especially in the islands. Positive attitudes. Filipino [fil] acquired through intermarriage and community relations; used at home, school, and community. English [eng] acquired in school. Speakers are negotiating multiple identities.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: Over 90%. Literacy rate in L2: Over 90% in Filipino (Tagalog); 40% in English. Pilot project in one school. Taught as a course in some secondary schools. Poetry. Dictionary. NT: 2012.
Latin script.
Other Comments