Sindhi

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A language of Pakistan

Population

22,100,000 in Pakistan (2014 World Factbook). Ethnic population: 26,000,000 (2014 World Factbook). Total users in all countries: 23,845,500.

Location

Widepread in Sindh Province, lower reaches, Indus river; Karachi, Hyderabad; Balochistan Province, Lasbela and Khuzdar districts.

Language Status

2 (Provincial). De facto provincial language in Sindh.

Dialects

Lari, Lasi, Thareli, Vicholo (Central Sindhi, Viccholi, Vicholi), Macharia, Dukslinu (Hindu Sindhi), Sindhi Musalmani (Muslim Sindhi), Shikari Bhil, Katiawari Kachi. Some southern Bhil groups speak dialects of Sindhi. 100,000 in rural Sindh originally from Kathiawar Peninsula in India are Muslims, exhibit widespread bilingualism in Sindh, and are almost completely assimilated with the Sindhi people.

Typology

SOV; noun head final; gender (masculine/feminine); case-marking (8 cases); verb affixes mark person, number, gender of subject; passives; tense and aspect; 24 consonant and 15 vowel phonemes;.

Language Use

Also use Saraiki [skr]. Used as L2 by Aer [aeq], Bagri [bgq], Dhatki [mki], Ghera [ghr], Goaria [gig], Gurgula [ggg], Jandavra [jnd], Jogi [jog], Loarki [lrk], Marwari [mve], Memoni [mby], Od [odk], Parkari Koli [kvx], Sansi [ssi], Sindhi Bhil [sbn], Vaghri [vgr].

Language Development
Radio programs. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 1954.
Writing

Arabic script, Naskh variant [Arab], Naskh style. Devanagari script [Deva]. Gurmukhi script [Guru], used in India.

Other Comments

Shikari (hunter) Bhils are a nomadic group of 2,000 to 3,000 who live in south Sindh Province, centered around Badin, and have adopted the Sindhi language. Muslim, Hindu.

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