Sonha

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A language of Nepal

Alternate Names
Sonahaa, Sunah, Sunha
Population

14,700 (2000), decreasing. No monolinguals.

Location

Seti Zone, Kailali District, along Karnali River; Bheri Zone, Surkhet district along Bheri river; Bardia district, Daulatpur VDC, Murgawagaon; Mahakali Zone, along Mahakali river; Kanchanpur district, Bhimadatta VDC, Odaligaon, Mahendranagar tahsil.

Language Maps
Language Status

7 (Shifting).

Dialects

Similar to Dangaura Tharu [thl] with 80% intelligibility; similar to Avadhi [awa]. Lexical similarity: 69% with Rana Tharu [thr], 73% with Kathariya Tharu [tkt], 72% with Dangaura Tharu [thl]. Sonha and Kathoriya [tkt] form a lexical bridge with Rana and Dangaura varieties of Tharu.

Typology

SOV; postpositions; noun head final; content q-word in situ; clause constituents indicated by case-marking; verbal affixation marks number; split ergativity; passives and voice; nontonal

Language Use

Home; mixed use: Friends, religion, work. Young adults and older. Some use among children and adolescents.

Writing
Unwritten.
Other Comments

’Sonha’ is an occupational caste (gold panners). Hindu, Christian.