A language of Nepal

Alternate Names
Sonaha, Sonahaa, Sunah, Sunha

580 (2011 census), decreasing. No monolinguals.


Seti Zone, Kailali District, along Karnali River; Bheri Zone, Surkhet district along Bheri river; Bardia district, Daulatpur VDC, Murgawagaon; Mahakali Zone, along Mahakali river; Kanchanpur district, Bhimadatta VDC, Odaligaon, Mahendranagar tahsil.

Language Maps
Language Status

7 (Shifting).


None known. Reportedly similar to Avadhi [awa]. Lexical similarity: 69% with Rana Tharu [thr], 73% with Kathariya Tharu [tkt], 72% with Dangaura Tharu [thl]. Sonha and Kathoriya [tkt] form a lexical bridge with Rana and Dangaura varieties of Tharu.


SOV; postpositions; noun head final; content q-word in situ; clause constituents indicated by case-marking; verbal affixation marks number; split ergativity; passives and voice; nontonal.

Language Use

Home; mixed use: Friends, religion, work. Young adults and older. Some use among children and adolescents.


Unwritten [Qaax].

Other Comments

’Sonha’ is an occupational caste (gold panners). Hindu, Christian, traditional religion.