Spanish

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A language of Spain

Alternate Names
Castellano, Castilian, Español
Population

38,400,000 in Spain (ELDIA 2012). Population total all countries: 414,170,030. L2 users: 7,490,000 in Spain (ELDIA 2006).

Location

Central, south; Canary Islands.

Language Status

1 (National). Statutory national language (1978, Constitution, Art 3(1)), recognized statutory language in all autonomous cities and communities under various local laws.

Dialects

American Spanish (Chicano), Andalusian (Andalú, Andalusí, Andaluz), Aragonese, Canary Islands Spanish (Isleño), Castilian, Murcian, Navarrese, Silbo Gomero. Lexical similarity: 89% with Portuguese [por], 85% with Catalan [cat], 82% with Italian [ita], 76% with Sardinian [src], 75% with French [fra], 74% with Ladin [lld], 71% with Romanian [ron].

Typology

SVO; prepositions; genitives, relatives after noun heads; articles, numerals before noun heads; adjectives before or after noun heads depending on whether it is evaluative or descriptive; question word initial; (C(C))V(C); nontonal. Silbo Gomero whistled variety of Spanish used in Canary Islands.

Language Use

9,800,000 also use English [eng]. 4,368,000 also use French [fra].

Language Development
Fully developed. Bible: 1553–2000.
Writing

Braille script [Brai]. Latin script [Latn], primary usage.

Other Comments

The Aragonese dialect of Spanish is different from Aragonese language [arg]. Christian.

Also spoken in:

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