A language of Serbia

Alternate Names

6,620,000 in Serbia (2002 census). Population total all countries: 9,262,890.


Also in Albania, Australia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Greece, Hungary, Libya, Macedonia, Montenegro (Montenegrin), Romania, Russian Federation, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United States, Zambia.

Language Status

1 (National). Statutory national language (2006, Constitution, Article 10(1)).


Shtokavski (Stokavian), Torlakian.


SVO; postpositions; genitives, articles, adjectives, numerals, relatives after noun heads; question word initial; 1 suffix; case determines subject, object; obligatory verb affixes mark person, number, gender of subject, object, other noun phrase; passive for each tense, not commonly used today; causatives marked by separate words; comparatives marked by prefix; CCVCVC; nontonal

Language Development
Fully developed. Bible: 1804–1868.
Braille script. Cyrillic script, primary usage. Latin script.
Other Comments

Previously considered a Serbo-Croat language. Torlakian spoken in south and east. Influence from Bulgarian [bul]. Some linguists consider it transitional between Shtokavski and Macedonian [mkd]. Christian.

Also spoken in:

Expand All Collapse All