Sirmauri

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A language of India

Alternate Names
Himachali, Pahari, Sirmouri, Sirmuri
Population

400,000 (2005 SIL).

Location

Himachal Pradesh, Sirmaur district, Shimla district, southeast section.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous).

Dialects

Dharthi (Giriwari), Giripari. Difficult intelligibility between Dharthi and Giripari; and between Upper Mahasui and Giripar. Dharthi dialect more influenced by Hindi. In south Shimla District, Kiunthali and Sirmauri are used interchangeably. Reportedly a different variety of Sirmauri in Sirmaur District. Lexical similarity: 56%–70% with Dharthi and Giripari, with considerable variation within each dialect; Giripari 67% with Lower Mahasui, 65% with Upper Mahasui, 61% with Jaunsari [jns].

Language Use

Home, village. Positive attitudes. Educated are highly proficient in Hindi [hin], uneducated showing wide range of proficiency in Hindi. Most older, uneducated women have very limited proficiency in Hindi.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 60% for Sirmaur District (2001 census). Newspapers. Radio programs. TV. Videos. Grammar.
Writing
Devanagari script. Takri (Tankri, Takari) script, special variety used informally (Masica 1991).
Other Comments

Dharthi is spoken in Giriwar area, Giripari in Giripar area. Hindu.