Spanish Sign Language

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A language of Spain

Alternate Names
Mímica
Population

102,000 (1994). 20,000 members of deaf associations (Van Cleve 1986).

Language Status

5 (Developing).

Dialects

Minor regional variation throughout Spain with no difficulties in intercommunication, except in Catalonia. Origin unknown, but reportedly influences from American [ase], French [fsl], and Mexican [mfs] sign languages.

Typology

One-handed finger-spelling system similar to French Sign Language [fsl].

Language Use

Interpreters used in court and important public events. Instruction for parents of deaf children. Many sign language classes for hearing people. Committee on national sign language.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 20%–30%. Films. TV. Videos. Dictionary.