85,400 (2010 SIL), increasing. No monolinguals. Ethnic population: 85,400.
Mindanao, Zamboanga del Norte Province, Sergio Osmeña and Mutia municipalities; inland from Dipolog and Dapitan cities; Misamis Occidental Province, Northern Subanen: Jose Dalman (Linasan), Katipunan, La Libertad, Manukan (Linay and Pangandaw), Pinan, Polanco, President Manuel Roxas, Rizal (Disoy) Siayan (Dumugok), and Sibutad.
Home, church, community, group discussion. All ages. Positive attitudes. Bilingual in Cebuano [ceb]; L2 acquired through community, school, and travel; L2 used at home, in school, and in the community of L2.
Traditional religion, Christian.