Stoney

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A language of Canada

Alternate Names
Nakoda, Stony
Population

3,160 (2011 census). Ethnic population: 3,200 (Golla 2007).

Location

Southern Alberta, west and northwest of Calgary, central Alberta, west of Edmonton, on Alexis, Paul, Bighorn, Morley, Eden Valley reserves.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened).

Dialects

Northern Stoney, Southern Stoney. Dialects nearly 100% mutually intelligible. Northern dialect is spoken at Duffield (Paul Band) and Lac St. Anne (Alexis Band). Lexical similarity: 89% with Assiniboine [asb], 86% with Dakota [dak] of Manitoba, 85% with Dakota [dak] of North Dakota, 83% with Lakota [lkt].

Language Use

Adults. Also use English [eng].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: Below 1%. Literacy rate in L2: 75%–100%. Bible portions: 1970–1973.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].