300,000 in China (Bradley 2007). Population total all countries: 300,120. Ethnic population: 407,000 (2000 census).
Guizhou Province, centered in Sandu; Duyun, Dushan, Libo, Rongjiang, Danzhai, Leishan, and Congjiang counties; Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Nandan, and Rongshui counties; Yunnan Province, Fuyuan county.
6a (Vigorous). Language of recognized nationality: Shui.
Pandong, Sandong (Central Sui, Southern Sui), Yang’an. Some communication difficulty between dialects. Sandong (Central) is the standard and most intelligible in the area (Castro 2011).
SVO; noun head initial; 70 onsets, 50 rhymes; 8 tones (Wei and Edmondson 2008).
Han (Hanzi, Kanji, Hanja) script [Hani], used by folk singers aged 40–60.