Subanen, Central


A language of Philippines

Alternate Names
Sindangan Subanun

140,000 (2000), increasing.


Mindanao, east Zamboanga Peninsula; Sulu Archipelago.

Language Maps
Language Status

4 (Educational).


Eastern Kolibugan (Eastern Kalibugan). Intelligibility of Southern Subanen [laa] 71%. Lexical similarity: 79% with Western Subanen [suc].

Language Use

Community, home, church, informal education. All ages. Positive attitudes. Bilingual in Cebuano [ceb] and Hiligaynon [hil]; L2 acquired through community, school, market, and employment; L2 used in those domains, in some homes and churches.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 50%. Literacy rate in L2: 50%. Poetry. Dictionary. NT: 1992.
Latin script, used since 1980s.
Other Comments

Value their language. Traditional religion, Christian, Muslim.