Tanacross

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A language of United States

Population

60 (Golla 2007). Ethnic population: 220 (Golla 2007).

Location

East Alaska, near Upper Tanana, Tanacross, Healy Lake, Dot Lake, and Tok.

Language Status

8a (Moribund).

Dialects

Healy Lake, Mansfield-Ketchumstuck. Little dialect variation. Mansfield-Ketchumstuck is most important politically and numerically. Reportedly most similar to Upper Tanana [tau], but with different tone systems.

Typology

Tonal.

Language Use

Only older adults in the home. Also use English [eng], Upper Tanana [tau].

Language Development
Practical alphabet established in 1973. Dictionary. Grammar.
Writing

Latin script [Latn], practical alphabet was established in 1973, sometimes taught in school.

Other Comments

Recognized as a distinct language in the 1970s.