Ternate

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A language of Indonesia

Population

42,000 (Wurm and Hattori 1981). L2 users: 20,000. North and northeast Halmahera.

Location

North Maluku Province. Ternate island. Kayoa islands on north end of Lapan bay; islands between Bacan and Kasiruta islands. Halmahera island; Damar, Yoronge islands off of southeasternmost point, some communities on western north coast.

Language Status

6b (Threatened).

Dialects

None known. Reportedly similar to Tidore [tvo].

Language Use

Former trade language, now shifting to North Moluccan Malay [max]; weaker in core area, stronger in periphery (2012 J. Bowden). Also use Indonesian [ind]. Used as L2 by Sawai [szw].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 1%–5%. Literacy rate in L2: 25%–50%.
Other Comments

Muslim.