42,000 (Wurm and Hattori 1981). L2 users: 20,000. North and northeast Halmahera.
Maluku Utara Province; Ternate island. Kayoa islands on north end of Lapan bay; islands between Bacan and Kasiruta islands. Halmahera island; Damar, Yoronge islands off of southeasternmost point, some communities on western north coast.
None known. Reportedly similar to Tidore [tvo].