4,000 (2015 G. Buck), decreasing. 1,500 monolinguals (2015 G. Buck). Ethnic population: 10,000 (2015 G. Buck).
Sabah: Kota Marudu, Kota Belud, and Kudat districts, Kota Kinabalu, Inanam and other towns.
VSO; prepositions; 17 consonants and 5 vowels; non-tonal language; vowel harmony (O is the neutral vowel) and neutralization.
Stronger in villages in the interior. Half of the children are learning the language or using it at home. Mixed use: Home, Friends, Religion, Work. Some children and young adults; all older adults and elderly. Mixed attitudes. Most also use Sabah Malay [msi].
Latin script [Latn], developed in about 2004.
Christian, Muslim, traditional religion.