A language of Tajikistan

Alternate Names
Galcha, Tadzhik, Tajik, Tajiki Persian, Tojiki

3,340,000 in Tajikistan (1991). Population total all countries: 4,479,650.


Also in Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russian Federation, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United States, Uzbekistan.

Language Status

1 (National). Statutory national language (1994, Constitution, Article 2).


4 groups of small dialects; no distinct boundaries. Dialect blending into Dari Persian [prs] in Afghanistan.

Language Use

Most also use Northern Uzbek [uzn] or Russian [rus].

Language Development
Radio programs. Bible: 1992.
Arabic script, used until 1928. Cyrillic script, used since 1940, primary usage. Hebrew script, used by Bukharan Jews. Latin script, used from 1928–1940.
Other Comments

Russian sources refer to Persian dialects in Afghanistan as Tajiki. So-called Tajiki in China is actually Shugni [sgh] or Wakhi [wbl]. Some Tajiki-speaking Gypsy communities in Russian central Asia. Muslim (Sunni).

Also spoken in:

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