24,200 in Nepal (Turin 2007), decreasing. 100 monolinguals (2002 UNESCO). Population total all countries: 25,000. Ethnic population: 35,000 (Turin 2007).
Janakpur Zone, Dolakha district, villages north and west; Ramechhap district, villages on Sailung Khola; Bagmati zone, Sindhupalchok district, villages east; Kathmandu. Also in China, India.
6b (Threatened). Language of recognized nationality (2002, NFDIN Act, No. 20, Section 2C).
SOV; both prepositions and postpositions; noun head both initial and final; gender, only some animate nouns; content q-word in situ; up to 3 prefixes, up to 4 suffixes; clause constituents indicated by case-marking; verbal affixation marks person; no ergativity; tense; passives and voice; nontonal; 33 consonant and 13 vowel phonemes
Ethnic Thangmi outside Dolakha and Sindhupalchok no longer speak Thangmi. Religion; mixed use: Home, friends. Older adults and elderly. Some use among children, adolescents, and young adults. Negative attitudes, but changing to more neutral and positive.
Traditional religion, Hindu, Buddhist, Christian.