Tiwa, Southern

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A language of United States

Population

1,600 (Golla 2007), decreasing. 1,500 Isleta, 100 Sandia speakers (Golla 2007). Ethnic population: 4,500, including 4,000 Isleta, 500 Sandia (Golla 2007).

Location

New Mexico, Isleta and Sandia pueblos, north and south of Albuquerque.

Language Status

6b (Threatened).

Dialects

Isleta (Isleta Pueblo), Sandia.

Language Use

Vigorous in a few families. Diminishing vigor at Isleta except among older adults. Commerce on tribal land, traditional ceremonial life. Only middle-aged or elderly are fluent but some younger people use the language and at least a few children acquire it (2007). Positive attitudes. Regret apparent demise of the language. People are apprehensive about losing their culture if the language is not revived. Range from being fluent in English [eng] to low proficiency.

Language Development
Attempt to reestablish use of Southern Tiwa at Sandia Pueblo and Ysleta del Sur, El Paso, Texas. Bible portions: 1981–1987.
Writing
Latin script.
Other Comments

Christian, traditional religion.