Totonac, Upper NecaxaPrint
3,400 (2000 INEGI). 20%–30% monolingual. Ethnic population: 5,800.
Northeast Puebla, Necaxa river valley, Chicontla, Patla, Cacahuatlán, and San Pedro Tlalontongo towns.
Moderate use. Not all parents pass it on to children. Local administration, commerce, religion. Mainly adults. Neutral attitudes. 70%–80% use Spanish [spa] as L2. A few may also speak Nahuatl. Spanish used in schools.
Young people must leave to find jobs.