Totonac, Upper NecaxaPrint
3,400 (2000 INEGI). 680 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 5,800.
Northeast Puebla, Necaxa river valley, Chicontla, Patla, Cacahuatlán, and San Pedro Tlalontongo towns.
Moderate use. Not all parents pass it on to children. Local administration, commerce, religion. Mainly adults. Neutral attitudes. 70% also use Spanish [spa]. A few may also speak Nahuatl. Spanish used in schools.
Latin script [Latn].
Young people must leave to find jobs.