Totonac, Upper NecaxaPrint
3,400 (2000 INEGI). No monolinguals. Ethnic population: 5,800.
Puebla state: Cacahuatlán, Chicontla, Patla, and San Pedro Tlalontongo in Necaxa river valley.
Moderate use. Not all parents pass it on to children. Local administration, commerce, religion. Mainly adults. Neutral attitudes. Most also use Spanish [spa], especially in schools. A few may also speak Nahuatl.
Latin script [Latn].
Young people must leave to find jobs.