990,000 in Zambia (2006), increasing. 427,000 Tonga, 12,000 Toka, 7,900 Leya. Population total all countries: 1,127,000.
Southern and Western provinces. With Ila [ilb] it predominates the south. Also in Zimbabwe.
2 (Provincial). De facto provincial language in Southern and Western provinces.
Chitonga, Leya, Mala, Shanjo (Sanjo), Toka (Southern Tonga), Twa of Kafwe, We (Valley Tonga). Related to Ila [ilb].
Recognized for educational and administrative purposes. Home, community, market, administration. All ages. Positive attitudes.