Totonac, Xicotepec de Juárez

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A language of Mexico

Alternate Names
Northern Totonac, Totonaco de Villa Juárez
Population

3,000 (2000 SIL). 500 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 13,700.

Location

Northeast Puebla, Xicotepec de Juárez, and Veracruz. 30 towns.

Language Maps
Language Status

7 (Shifting).

Dialects

Zihuateutla Totonac. 87% intelligibility of Ozumatlán [tqt] (most similar).

Typology

SVO; long words, affixes, clitics; nontonal

Language Use

Older adults use Totonac more than Spanish. Others use Spanish more than Totonac. Mainly adults. Negative attitudes. Possibly 200 can also speak some Tepehua, Nahuatl, Otomi.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 20%. Literacy rate in L2: 60%. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 1978.
Writing
Latin script.
Other Comments

Young people must leave area for jobs.