Toposa

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A language of South Sudan

Alternate Names
Akara, Kare, Kumi, Taposa, Topotha
Population

100,000 (2000 M. Schroeder). Most are monolingual.

Location

East Equatoria State, Kapoeta North, Kapoeta South and Kapoeta East counties; along Singaita and Lokalyen rivers.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).

Dialects

Eastern Toposa, Jiye, Western Toposa. Inherently intelligible with Nyangatom [nnj], Karamojong [kdj], and Turkana [tuv], but each has strong ethnic attitudes. Limited intelligibility of Teso [teo].

Typology

VSO (morphologically ergative); vowel harmony; questions: yes and no sentence final, content questions sentence initial and final; grammatical tone (tense, case).

Language Use

Vigorous. All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes. Used as L2 by Tennet [tex].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: Below 5%. Perhaps 2,000 can read. Taught in primary schools. Dictionary. Bible portions: 2002–2006.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].