122,000 (2004 SIL). 50,000 monolinguals. L2 users: 4,000,000.
Mainly north half of country, well established in Port Moresby, into other regions.
1 (National). De facto language of national identity.
Dialect differences between lowlands, highlands, and islands. Highlands lexicon has more English [eng] influence (Holm, 1989).
L1 of some people in mixed urban areas. Used between speakers of different languages. Most frequently used language in Parliament and commerce. Where it is L1, it is passed on to children by parents. All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes.
Latin script [Latn].
Christian, traditional religion.