122,000 (2004 SIL). 50,000 monolinguals.
Mainly north half of country, well established in Port Moresby, into other regions.
1 (National). De facto national language.
Dialect differences between lowlands, highlands, and islands. Highlands lexicon has more English [eng] influence (Holm, 1989).
L1 of some people in mixed urban areas. Used between speakers of different languages. Most frequently used language in Parliament and commerce. Some L2 users speak a broken Pidgin. Where it is L1, it is passed on to children by parents. 4,000,000 L2 speakers. All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes.
Christian, traditional religion.