Triqui, Copala


A language of Mexico

Alternate Names
Copala Trique, Triqui Bajo, Triqui de San Juan Copala

25,000 in Mexico (2007 SIL). Population total all countries: 30,000.


Oaxaca, Juxtlahuaca, San Juan Copala, Sonora (1,000 users), including Miguel Alemán (settled and seasonal); Baja California, San Quintín valley (mostly settled); Coastal California, including Greenfield; Mexico City. Groups in most tourist centers. Also in United States.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).


56% intelligibility of Chicahuaxtla [trs]. Considerable internal linguistic variation, though not well-defined subdialects.


VSO; short words, affixes, clitics; tonal

Language Use

Considerable language loss in youth who grow up in the dispersion.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 1%. Literacy rate in L2: 40%. Radio programs. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 1987.
Latin script.