25,000 in Mexico (2007 SIL). Population total all countries: 30,000.
Oaxaca, Juxtlahuaca, San Juan Copala, Sonora (1,000 users), including Miguel Alemán (settled and seasonal); Baja California, San Quintín valley (mostly settled); Coastal California, including Greenfield; Mexico City. Groups in most tourist centers. Also in United States.
56% intelligibility of Chicahuaxtla [trs]. Considerable internal linguistic variation, though not well-defined subdialects.
VSO; short words, affixes, clitics; tonal
Considerable language loss in youth who grow up in the dispersion.