Lishán Didán

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A language of Israel

Alternate Names
Galihalu, Lakhlokhi, Lishanán, Lishanid Nash Didán, Persian Azerbaijan Jewish Aramaic
Population

4,230 in Israel (2001). Population total all countries: 4,450.

Location

Jerusalem, Tel-Aviv area.

Language Status

7 (Shifting).

Dialects

Northern Cluster Lishán Didán (Anatolia, Salmas, Urmi), Southern Cluster Lishán Didán (Mahabad, Naghada, Ushno). 60%-70% intelligibility of Hulaulá [huy] and Lishanid Noshan [aij], but not of other Aramaic languages. The Urmi variety of Lishán Didán is different from the Urmi variety of Assyrian Neo-Aramaic.

Language Use

Older adults. Hebrew [heb] is L2. Some multilingual; many married nonspeakers.

Language Development
OT.
Writing

Hebrew script [Hebr].

Other Comments

Many loanwords from Kurdish, Turkish [tur], Arabic, Eastern Farsi [prs] or Western Farsi [pes], Hebrew [heb], and several European languages. Glossonym: Judeo-Kurdish or Azerbaijani Kurdish, both erroneous. Originally from Iranian Azerbaijan and southeast Turkey. Jewish.