Tsamai

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A language of Ethiopia

Alternate Names
Bago S’aamakk-Ulo, Cule, Kuile, Kule, S’amai, Tamaha, Tsamakko, Tsamako, Ts’amay
Population

18,000 (2007 census). 5,300 monolinguals. L2 users: 1,200.

Location

YeDebub Biheroch Bihereseboch na Hizboch State, Omo area, lowlands west of Lake Chamo.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous).

Dialects

The Tsamai say Gawwada [gwd] is difficult to understand. Possibly related to Birale [bxe]. The most aberrant variety in the Dullay classification. Lexical similarity: 56%–73% with Gawwada [gwd] dialects, 61% with Bussa [dox], 31% with Konso [kxc].

Typology

SOV.

Language Use

Positive attitudes. Also use Hamer-Banna [amf], Komo [xom], Konso [kxc]. Used as L2 by Ongota [bxe].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 3%.
Writing

Unwritten [Qaax].