Tshangla

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A language of Bhutan

Alternate Names
Menba, Monpa, Sangla, Sarchapkkha, Shachobiikha, Shachopkha, Sharchagpakha, Sharchhop-kha, Tsangla, Tshalingpa
Population

140,000 in Bhutan (1999 SIL). Population total all countries: 158,200.

Location

East and southeast Bhutan, especially Trashigang and Dungsam. Also in China, India.

Language Maps
Language Status

4 (Educational). De facto language of provincial identity in eastern and southeastern Bhutan.

Dialects

Standard variety in Tashigang. Tshangla is nearly identical to that of eastern Bhutan, except for the loss of initial voicing and tonogenesis in Tibet. Differs from Tawan Monba [twm] in phonology, vocabulary, and grammar, and Tawan Monba and Tshangla are not mutually intelligible. Lexical similarity: 40%–50% with Bumthangkha [kjz], 48% with Dzongkha [dzo], 41% with Adap [adp].

Typology

SOV; numbers and adjectives follow noun head; singular-dual-plural personal pronouns; nontonal

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 47% (2003 SIL). Literacy rate in L2: Below 1%. Radio programs. Grammar. Bible portions: 2000.
Writing
Tibetan script, Uchen style, used in India.
Other Comments

Ethnonym: Schachop (sg.), Sharchhokpa (pl.) in Dzongkha. Not the same as Tsanglo (Angami Naga) of Assam, India. May also be classified as North Assam, Monpa. Buddhist.

Also spoken in:

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