80,600 in Bhutan (2013 J. Leclerc). Total users in all countries: 98,800.
Mongar district: east; Pemagatshel district: east; Samdrup Jongkhar and Trashigang districts; Trashiyangtse district: south.
4 (Educational). De facto language of provincial identity in eastern and southeastern Bhutan.
None known. Standard variety in Tashigang. Tshangla is nearly identical to that of eastern Bhutan, except for the loss of initial voicing and tonogenesis in Tibet. Differs from Tawan Monba [twm] in phonology, vocabulary, and grammar, and Tawan Monba and Tshangla are not mutually intelligible. Lexical similarity: 40%–50% with Bumthangkha [kjz], 41%–48% with Dzongkha [dzo].
SOV; numbers and adjectives follow noun head; singular-dual-plural personal pronouns; nontonal.
Tibetan script [Tibt], Uchen style, used in India.
Not the same as Tsanglo (Angami Naga) of Assam, India. May also be classified as North Assam, Monpa. Buddhist.