1,070,000 in Botswana (Johnstone 1993). Population total all countries: 4,521,700.
Widespread as lingua franca; Southeast and Kgatleng districts; east Southern and Kweneng districts, Central District, Serowe-Palapye and Mahalapye subdistricts; Northwest District Maun village area. Also in Namibia, South Africa, Zimbabwe.
1 (National). De facto national language.
Vigorous. 150,000 L2 speakers. Used among the educated. More for spoken purposes than written. All ages.
90%–95% of children complete standard 7 in primary school. Christian, traditional religion.