1,070,000 in Botswana (Johnstone 1993). Population total all countries: 5,181,700. L2 users: 150,000 in Botswana.
Widespread as lingua franca; Southeast and Kgatleng districts; east Southern and Kweneng districts, Central District, Serowe-Palapye and Mahalapye subdistricts; Northwest District Maun village area.
1 (National). De facto national language.
Vigorous. Used among the educated. More for spoken purposes than written. All ages.
Latin script [Latn].
90%–95% of children complete standard 7 in primary school. Christian, traditional religion.