3,430,000 in Turkmenistan (1995). Population total all countries: 7,560,560. Ethnic population: 3,470,000 (1995).
Also in Afghanistan, Germany, Iran, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russian Federation, Syria, Tajikistan, Turkey, United States, Uzbekistan.
1 (National). Statutory national language (1992, Constitution, Article 13).
Anauli, Cawdur, Esari, Goklen, Khasarli, Nerezim, Nokhurli, Salyr, Saryq, Teke (Tekke), Yomud.
Also use Russian [rus].
Turkmen in Syria, and possibly Iraq and Jordan, actually speak an ancient form of Turkmen; so-called Turkmen in Tibet may speak a different Turkic language. Muslim (Sunni).