A language of Turkmenistan

Alternate Names
Trukhmen, Trukhmeny, Turkmani, Turkmanian, Turkmenler, Turkomans

3,430,000 in Turkmenistan (1995). Population total all countries: 7,560,560. Ethnic population: 3,470,000 (1995).


Also in Afghanistan, Germany, Iran, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russian Federation, Syria, Tajikistan, Turkey, United States, Uzbekistan.

Language Status

1 (National). Statutory national language (1992, Constitution, Article 13).


Anauli, Cawdur, Esari, Goklen, Khasarli, Nerezim, Nokhurli, Salyr, Saryq, Teke (Tekke), Yomud.

Language Use

Also use Russian [rus].

Language Development
Poetry. Magazines. Radio programs. TV. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 1880–2005.
Arabic script, used in Afghanistan and Iran. Cyrillic script, used in Turkmenistan, not used in Afghanistan. Latin script, official usage in Turkmenistan since 1991.
Other Comments

Turkmen in Syria, and possibly Iraq and Jordan, actually speak an ancient form of Turkmen; so-called Turkmen in Tibet may speak a different Turkic language. Muslim (Sunni).

Also spoken in:

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