Turkish

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A language of Turkey

Alternate Names
Anatolian, Türkçe, Türkisch
Population

46,300,000 in Turkey (1987). Population total all countries: 50,733,420.

Location

Widespread as L1 or L2. Also in Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Cyprus, Denmark, Egypt, El Salvador, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Honduras, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Macedonia, Netherlands, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uzbekistan.

Language Status

1 (National). Statutory national language (1982, Constitution, Article 3).

Dialects

Danubian, Dinler, Edirne, Eskisehir, Gaziantep, Karamanli, Razgrad, Rumelian, Urfa. Danubian is west; other dialects east.

Typology

SOV

Language Use

Karamanli are Turkish-speaking Greeks.

Language Development
Fully developed. Bible: 1827–2006.
Writing
Arabic script, no longer in use. Braille script. Greek script, no longer in use. Latin script, used since 1928 or 1929, primary usage.
Other Comments

Muslim.

Also spoken in:

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