2,000 (Andersson and Janson 1997).
Central district: Mahalapye subdistrict; all villages east of Mahalapye; Kgatleng district northeast corner.
Reportedly some similarities to Northern Sotho [nso] and Tswana [tsn], but not clearly a dialect of either. Some intelligibility of northern dialect speakers of Tswana (Sengwato and Setawana), and of a northwestern dialect of Northern Sotho. Some Birwa [brl] and Tswapong [two] say their varieties are more similar to one another than to Tswana or Northern Sotho.
Several groups: the Ramokgonami, Maifela, Chadibe, Sefbare, Tupsa.