80,000 in Viet Nam (1995 census). Population total all countries: 105,000. Ethnic population: 100,000 (Bradley 2007).
North central, Thanh Hoa Province, south of Sam Nuea. Also in Laos, Thailand, United States.
Part of the Thái official ethnic community (1,550,423, 2009 census). Speakers in Viet Nam tend to identify with Tai Dam [blt] and deny they are Red Tai.