Tuva

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A language of Russian Federation

Alternate Names
Diba, Kök Mungak, Soyod, Soyon, Soyot, Tannu-Tuva, Tofa, Tokha, Tuba, Tuvan, Tuvia, Tuvin, Tuvinian, Tyva, Uriankhai, Uriankhai-Monchak, Uryankhai
Population

254,000 in Russian Federation (2010 census), increasing. Population total all countries: 283,400.

Location

Siberia, Tuva Republic. Also in China, Mongolia.

Language Maps
Language Status

4 (Educational). De facto language of provincial identity in Tuva Republic.

Dialects

Central Tuvin, Northeastern Tuvin (Todzhin), Southeastern Tuvin, Tuba-Kizhi, Western Tuvin. Sharp dialect differences.

Language Use

One of most vital minority languages in Siberia due to geographic isolation. Home, work, government. All ages. Neutral attitudes. Also use Russian [rus] or Mongolian [khk] near the border.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 85% in Russian (2007 SIL). Taught in primary and secondary schools. Bible: 2011.
Writing
Cyrillic script.
Other Comments

Until 1944 Tuva was an independent state. Buddhist (Lamaist), traditional religion.

Also spoken in:

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