254,000 in Russian Federation (2010 census), increasing. Population total all countries: 283,400. Ethnic population: 268,000 (2010 census).
Southern Siberia near Mongolia border; Tyva Republic and Krasnoyarskiy Kray.
4 (Educational). De facto language of provincial identity in Tuva Republic.
Central Tuvin, Northeastern Tuvin (Todzhin), Southeastern Tuvin, Tuba-Kizhi, Western Tuvin. Sharp dialect differences.
Cyrillic script [Cyrl].
Until 1944 Tuva was an independent state. Buddhist (Lamaist), traditional religion.