Tày

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A language of Viet Nam

Alternate Names
Ngan, Phen, Tai Tho, “Thô” (pej.), Thu Lao, T’o
Population

1,630,000 in Viet Nam (2009 census).

Location

Northeast of Ha Noi city, near China border, widespread; 15 provinces, possibly in Laos.

Language Status

6b (Threatened). Language of recognized ethnic group: Tay.

Dialects

Central Tày, Eastern Tày, Southern Tày, Northern Tày, Tày Trung Khanh, Thu Lao, Tày Bao Lac. Reportedly similar to Nung [nut].

Language Use

Also use Vietnamese [vie]. Used as L2 by Green Gelao [giq].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 1%–5%. Literacy rate in L2: 50%–75%. Radio programs. Dictionary. Bible portions: 1938–1963.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Tày is an official ethnic community. Traditional religion, Christian.