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Arienne Dwyer, Tue, 2015-02-10 16:18
Other Comments
ISO 639-3: 

I'd suggest the following edits for factual correctness: Alternate names: Uighur, Uygur, Uyğur, Weiwu’er (The rest of these are just repeating the endless errors of the Internet: Uighuir, Uiguir, Uigur, Wiga) Population 10,069,346 in China (2010 census). [Can't speak for or against the accuracy of the following, but the numbers need updating: 4,700,000 Central Uyghur, 1,150,000 Hotan, 25,000 Lop.] Some are monolingual. Location Mainly in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. [NB: Xinjiang has not been a "Province" for 150 years. The official spelling of the Autonomous Region has been "Uygur" (no h, no breve), but you now see also "Uyghur" in some official English language populations. There is no particular reason to highlight "Small areas in Gansu and Xizang provinces", where Uyghurs are not more numerous than elsewhere. Instead:] Small numbers in other Chinese provinces and regions. Language Status 2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (1984, Ethnic Regional Autonomy Act, Articles 10 and 21). Language of recognized nationality: Uyghur. Classification: Altaic, Turkic, Eastern (strictly speaking: Southeastern; "Eastern Turkic" is for many Turkologists Yakut/Saha etc.) Dialects Central Uyghur, Southern Uyghur (Khotan/Hetian and environs), Lopnur. Most linguists agree that Central Uyghur comprises the varieties immediately north and south of the Tianshan mountains (Ili (Gulja/Yili, Taranchi), Urumqi (Urumchi), Turfan (Tulufan), Kumul (Hami), Aqsu (Akesu), Qarashahr (Karaxahar), Kucha (Kuqa). Kashgar (Kashi), Yarkand (Shache) and Yengisar (Yengi Hissar) are also generally considered part of Central Uyghur. Southern Uyghur comprises Khotan (Hetian), Keriya (Yutian), and Charchan (Qiemo). Modern Standard Uyghur currently encompasses a number of local Turkic varieties whose linguistic affiliations are contested. These include Eynu , Aqto Türkmen, Dolan, and Ili Turki (Taranchi). Eynu (Ainu [aib]) is a southern Uyghur variety whose lexifier language is partly Persian; it is used as a jargon. Dolan is a slightly Mongol-inflected variety in the Teklimakan desert east of Kashgar. South of Kashgar, in Aqto county, 2000 residents in the villages of Kösarap and Oytak use a Turkmen-inflected variety dubbed "Aqto Türkmen" by some. While it was claimed once that Ili Turki/Taranchi is a separate language, the variety is indistinguishable from the Central Uyghur spoken in that Ili (Ghulja) area. Minor dialect differences between China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan, overwhelmingly in loan vocabulary. [NBs - (1) you can't call Lopnur, the third dialect "Lop", because there's a city called "Lop" that is NOT within the Lopnur region. (2) If you are claiming elsewhere that "Ili Turki" is a separate language - a claim which many Turkogists would dispute - then you'll have to be consistent and claim that what you're calling "Akto Türkmen", Dolan, Eynu, etc are not "Uyghur", either. Otherwise it's very inconsistent and not scientifically based. (3) You resume the Uyghur "dialects" discussion after an excursus on "Akto Türkmen" and Dolan - better to put all the Uyghur "dialects" discussion together for clarity.] Typology SOV; postpositions; genitives, adjectives, numerals, relatives before noun heads; question words initial; a few unproductive prefixes; word order distinguishes subjects and indirect objects, topic and comment; 8 noun cases shown by suffixes; verb suffixes mark subject person, number, 2nd person marks plural and 3 levels of respect; passive, reflexive, reciprocal and causative; comparatives; CV, CVC, CVCC syllables; nontonal. [NB - The statement "3 suffixes on nouns; 6 suffixes on verbs" - is absurd - there are dozens and dozens. And if you add clitics, which many Turkologists don't distinguish from suffixes, there are more. It's best not to quantify them. Similarly, you only have "8" N cases if you don't distinguish suffixes from clitics, and true case from quasi-case.] Language Use Widely used in Xinjiang. Print and broadcast media. Phased out in all education except as a subject language. Vigorous, except in Urumqi. All colloquial domains. All ages. Positive attitudes. Young people, intellectuals, and city dwellers also use Chinese [cmn]. Also use English [eng], Russian [rus]. Used as L2 by most Xinjiang groups: Ainu [aib], Ili Turki [ili], Kyrgyz [kir], Kazakh [kaz] Northern Uzbek [uzn], Peripheral Mongolian [mvf], Russian [rus], Salar [slr], Sarikoli [srh], Tatar [tat], Xibe [sjo], Tuvan. (...) Writing Arabic script [Arab], official and primary usage in China, also used in Afghanistan. Cyrillic script [Cyrl], used in Kazakhstan, past usage in China. Latin script [Latn], used in China and Turkey. Other Comments Those in the north are more influenced by modern Chinese culture. Muslim (Sunni). [ I would omit "Some speakers classified within other official nationalities, such as Kyrghyz [sic]. " entirely; some speakers of every nationality are misclassified. And those that this sentence are referring to may NOT be misclassified at all; if they are classified Kyrgyz and live in the mtns N of Aqsu, chances are, they *are* Kyrgyz and speak Kyrgyz.]

Editorial Action

We have made changes for Uyghur [uig] in China in the 18th edition database based on this report.