Ulch

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A language of Russian Federation

Alternate Names
Hoche, Hol-Chih, Olch, Olcha, Olchis, Ulcha, Ulchi, Ulych
Population

150 (2010 census). Ethnic population: 2,900.

Location

Khabarovsk District, Ulch county, Amur river and tributaries, Tatar channel coast, Bulava, Dudi, Kalinovka, Mariinskoe, Nizhnaya Gavan, Savinskoe, Mongol, Solontsy, Kolchom, Sofiyskoe, Tur, and Ukhta. Bogorodskove is capital.

Language Maps
Language Status

8a (Moribund).

Language Use

Only 25% claim to speak L1 (2002 census). Rapid decrease in use. Traditional culture (funerals), oral ethnic storytelling, family. Youth prefer Russian [rus]. All middle-aged or older (2007). Most also use Russian [rus].

Language Development
Taught in primary schools. Dictionary.
Other Comments

Close contact with Russian [rus], Ukrainian [ukr], Nanai [gld], Nivkh [niv] (Gilyak), Negidal [neg], and others.