No known L1 speakers (2002 SIL). May be extinct (2002 J. Brownie).
East New Britain Province, Rabaul.
Descendant of pidginized Standard German [deu] which originated in Gazelle Peninsula of New Britain during German colonial times among Catholic mixed-race (Vunapope) community. With increased mobility and intermarriage, it is disappearing. Mainly older adults, still some younger people who can understand it. Also use English [eng], Kuanua [ksd], Standard German [deu], Tok Pisin [tpi]. All fluent in at least 2 of Standard German [deu], English [eng], or Tok Pisin [tpi].