Urdu

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A language of Pakistan

Alternate Names
Bihari
Population

10,000,000 in Pakistan (1998 census). Population total all countries: 63,948,800. L2 users: 94,000,000 in Pakistan (1999).

Location

Widespread.

Language Status

1 (National). Statutory national language (1973, Constitution, Article 251(1)).

Dialects

Intelligible with Hindi, but formal vocabulary borrowed from Arabic and Persian. Dakhini dialect of Urdu [urd] in India has fewer Persian and Arabic loans than Urdu. Rekhta is a form of Urdu used in poetry.

Language Use

All domains. All ages.

Language Development
Taught in primary and secondary schools. Fully developed. Bible: 1843–1998.
Writing

Arabic script [Arab], Nastaliq style, primary usage. Braille script [Brai].

Other Comments

Muslim (Sunni).

Also spoken in:

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