10,000,000 in Pakistan (1998 census). Population total all countries: 63,431,800.
Widespread. Also in Bahrain, Bangladesh (Bihari), Botswana, Canada, Denmark, Fiji, Germany, India, Malawi, Mauritius, Nepal, Norway, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Africa, Thailand, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Zambia.
1 (National). Statutory national language (1973, Constitution, Article 251(1)).
Intelligible with Hindi, but formal vocabulary borrowed from Arabic and Persian. Dakhini dialect of Urdu [urd] in India has fewer Persian and Arabic loans than Urdu. Rekhta is a form of Urdu used in poetry.
Including L2 speakers: 104,000,000 (1999). Used as L2 by most other Pakistanis.